Creation - Day 5.
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Title:Creation - Day 5

The Genesis creation passages celebrate the gift of the creatures of the air and the water; in anticipation of Christ's resurrection, the faithful community reads the Creation Story, the Beginning Story.The mosaic representation of the birds and fish created on Day 5 of creation is from the Palatine Chapel in Palermo, Sicily. Commissioned by Roger II of Sicily in 1130-40, the chapel is one of the most beautiful of all medieval Christian churches."At Palermo, Roger drew round him distinguished men of various races, such as the famous Arab geographer Muhammad al-Idrisi and the Greek historian Nilus Doxopatrius. The king welcomed the learned, and he practised toleration towards the several creeds, races and languages of his realm. To administer his domain he hired many Greeks and Arabs, who were trained in long-established traditions of centralized government." [Wikipedia]

"The Palatine Chapel represents twelfth-century art patronage of the highest order; it is an extraordinary ensemble of materials, techniques, and styles. The pavement and wall revetments make extensive use of porphyry, serpentine breccia, and other colored stones in a variety of intricate ornamental patterns. The iconic and narrative mosaics that cover the upper walls of the entire chapel and the vaults of the eastern end are executed on a scintillating gold ground.In addition, the chapel is outfitted with a set of bronze doors to the west, and many elements of carved marble. These decorations, embellishments, and furnishings, which were executed by artists and artisans with different cultural roots and affiliations -- Byzantine, Islamic, and western -- stand as testimony to the power of Norman patronage and the richness of the visual culture of Sicily in the twelfth century. [Medieval Italy: an Encyclopedia. Christopher Kleinhenz, 2003. p. 836.]

Date:mid 12th century
Building:Cappella Palatina di Palermo

Scripture:Genesis 1:20-23
Lectionary links:CVigl
General Subject:Birds
ICONCLASS Number:71A251

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Copyright Permission:This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial ShareAlike 3.0 License. In short: you are free to use and to share the file for non-commercial purposes under the conditions that you appropriately attribute it, and that you distribute it only under a license compatible with this one. For uses other than the above, contact the Divinity Library at
Attribution:Creation - Day 5, from Art in the Christian Tradition, a project of the Vanderbilt Divinity Library, Nashville, TN. [retrieved January 24, 2020].
Record Number:46174 Last Updated: 2016-02-16 11:55:34 Record Created: 2006-06-26 00:00:00
Institution:Vanderbilt University Unit: Collection: Art in the Christian Tradition

Bibliographic Source:Les Mosaiques de la Chapelle Palatine de Palerme. Belli, Annibale and Pietro Toesca. Milano, Edizioni d'arte Sidera, 1955.