Martyrs and the Pure Sing Praises to God.
 Marmion, Simon, 1420-1489

Click to enter image viewer

Use the Save buttons below to save any of the available image sizes to your computer.
Download Thumbnail image:
Download Medium image:
Download Large image:
Title:Martyrs and the Pure Sing Praises to God
Notes:"In the absence of computers and calculators, a highly elaborate system of finger-counting and gestural sign-language developed in the Middle Ages for representing numbers and facilitating conceptual reasoning. These are often represented graphically in medieval manuscripts and provide an insight into teaching and learning practices in this period...

[A] prominent use of hand diagrams in the Middle Ages is for the study of music. In the early tenth century, a monk called Guido of Arezzo derived the solfège method to aid monks to learn how to sight-sing with ease, assigning each note of a six-note scale a syllable (in Guido’s case, ut, re, mi, fa, sol, and la). The ‘Guidonian hand’ elaborated this system by assigning a note to each part of the hand. This allowed singers to understand how notes related to each other...

The versatility of the hand, with its nineteen ‘common locations’ meant that it could be used to represent a number of different things – dates, music, and facilitate prayer, with each location on the hand given a different contemplative value for ‘meditatio nocturna per manum’."

-- from the project blog of “Turning Over a New Leaf: Manuscript Innovation in the Twelfth Century” based at the Institute for Cultural Disciplines, Universiteit Leiden.
Artist:Marmion, Simon, 1420-1489
Building:J. Paul Getty Museum
Object/Function:Books and manuscripts
Country:United States

Scripture:Isaiah 12:2-6
Lectionary links:CAdvt03
General Subject:Singing

(Use this link to refer back to this image.)

Copyright Source:,_active_1450_-_1489)_-_The_Martyrs_and_the_Pure_Sing_Praises_to_God_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg
Copyright Permission:This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial ShareAlike 3.0 License. In short: you are free to use and to share the file for non-commercial purposes under the conditions that you appropriately attribute it, and that you distribute it only under a license compatible with this one. For uses other than the above, contact the Divinity Library at
Attribution:Marmion, Simon, 1420-1489. Martyrs and the Pure Sing Praises to God, from Art in the Christian Tradition, a project of the Vanderbilt Divinity Library, Nashville, TN. [retrieved February 25, 2020]. Original source:,_active_1450_-_1489)_-_The_Martyrs_and_the_Pure_Sing_Praises_to_God_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg.
Record Number:56034 Last Updated: 2015-09-28 13:32:51 Record Created: 2015-09-28 13:27:34
Institution:Vanderbilt University Unit: Collection: Art in the Christian Tradition